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发布于:2022-10-01 作者:留学写作网 阅读:2360

本文是一篇Essay代写范文,题目为:Monetary Policy of the RBA on High Inflation,本文主要讨论了澳大利亚央行应对高通胀的货币政策,供大家参考学习。通货膨胀是指货币供应量超过实际货币需求量,使物价总水平在一段时间内持续上升。其实质是社会总需求大于总供给。通货膨胀是不可预测的,但它无疑会带来一系列积极和消极的影响。银行无法控制的高通胀率对一个国家的经济是危险的。本文阐述了高通胀的严重影响和储备银行采取的措施。


Introduction引言

Inflation refers to the fact that the money supply exceeds the real demand for money and makes the total price level rise continuously for a period of time. Its essence is that the total social demand is greater than the total supply. Inflation is unpredictable, but it will undoubtedly bring a series of positive and negative effects. The high inflation rate beyond the control of banks is dangerous to a country's economy. This paper expounds the serious effects of high inflation and the measures taken by the reserve bank.

通货膨胀是指货币供应量超过实际货币需求量,使物价总水平在一段时间内持续上升。其实质是社会总需求大于总供给。通货膨胀是不可预测的,但它无疑会带来一系列积极和消极的影响。银行无法控制的高通胀率对一个国家的经济是危险的。本文阐述了高通胀的严重影响和储备银行采取的措施。

Analysis分析

Negative effects of high inflation高通胀的负面影响

The decline in the value of money, including money deposits in banks, inflation may lead to high interest rates, which cannot protect purchasing power. Therefore, this effect may stimulate people to pursue higher wages or social status and follow the purchasing power of their nominal wages, which in turn will bring great pressure on the effective operation of the economy and eventually hinder the process of economic development.

货币价值的下降,包括银行存款,通货膨胀可能导致高利率,这不能保护购买力。因此,这种效应可能会刺激人们追求更高的工资或社会地位,追随名义工资的购买力,进而给经济的有效运行带来巨大压力,最终阻碍经济发展的进程。

In the period of low inflation, if the price of a commodity rises, buyers and sellers can be clearly aware of the actual changes between supply and demand, and take excessive and rapid response. On the contrary, in the case of high inflation, it is difficult to determine the change between the relative price and the general price. With the monthly inflation rate rising to 20% or 30%, the shopkeeper will adjust the price frequently, which inevitably leads to the relative price confusion and inadaptability.

In addition, the level of unemployment is closely related to inflation. On the one hand, demand driven inflation can promote the manufacturing industry to expand production scale and increase employment under certain conditions; on the other hand, inflation reduces the effective interest rate, which will stimulate the demand for consumption and investment, promote the full use of resources and the growth of total supply. However, with the decrease of supply and inflation, national income and employment began to decrease, which in turn led to the unemployment of most workers. Finally, without effective preventive measures, sustained inflation will lead to more serious inflation.

In summary, high inflation can bring many hazards, such as price rise, weakening people's purchasing power, and affecting consumption and company productivity. Therefore, to maintain healthy and stable economic growth, we must attach great importance to inflation, take possible and effective measures to maintain moderate inflation

Measures taken by the Reserve Bank

"Another important impact on the economy is the exchange rate level, which is often included in the context of monetary policy. "(recent impact on the exchange rate in Melbourne, 9 November 2000. )The main policy to maintain low inflation depends on the monetary policy put forward by the central bank to influence economic activities, especially the ultimate goal of controlling monetary supply and interest rate regulation is to maintain specific policy objectives, such as inflation suppression, complete employment or economic growth. The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) is responsible for implementing monetary policy, providing financial services to the government and maintaining the balance of payments. In recent 20 years, RMB has updated some institutional instruments and trade arrangements (such as expanding domestic securities), which ensures that the implementation tools of monetary policy keep pace with the current market and effectively implement monetary policy.

So far, RBA has made two achievements: one is to regulate the surplus and deficiency of foreign exchange, solve the problem of insufficient foreign exchange faced by the government; the other is to rebuild the monetary reserve to deal with the currency shortage caused by intervention in 1997-2001. Since last year, the continued appreciation of the euro has provided a favorable external environment for China.

Domestic market operation

The main policy objective of the Australian Federal Reserve is to develop and implement the exchange rate of official cash. The Australian Federal Reserve is also responsible for the consistency between the unofficial effective interest rate and official cash. Unofficial cash depends on the overall state of the commercial banks clearing accounts at the Australian Federal Reserve, i.e. balance of payments. Rab needs to ensure that the funds clearing channels are unblocked, so official cash should be suitable for normal transactions of commercial banks in the financial market. In addition, during the currency exchange process, the reserve bank increases the amount on the clearing account of commercial banks, supports the exchange of Euro between commercial banks and promotes economic activities.

In addition, RBA decided to expand the scope of certified securities, with particular emphasis on the operation of domestic securities, rather than relying on foreign exchange and futures to maintain market balance. This decision improves the degree of price openness, and reduces the price crisis. Through these key monetary policies, the Australian Federal Reserve maintained moderate inflation and the economy grew steadily.

Foreign exchange transactions

The RBA also plays an important role in foreign exchange transactions. Its most important management function is to manage the exchange rate of euro in the foreign exchange market mainly through intervention policies. When there is a non-existent gap between the exchange rate and the long-term average, it is difficult to solve the problem of high inflation only driven by economic development. At this time, the RBA must assume the responsibility of regulating and managing the daily cash flow through the use of futures in foreign exchange trading.

Conclusion结论

High inflation is an important issue in economic development. Without effective control, it will restrict economic activities to a great extent. In the current international situation, the stagnation of economic development has brought more severe challenges and difficulties to Australia's economic growth. The monetary policy of the Australian Federal Reserve is in a positive state to stimulate the Australian economy and also plays a vital role in controlling high inflation.

高通胀是经济发展中的一个重要问题。没有有效的控制,它将在很大程度上制约经济活动。在当前国际形势下,经济发展停滞给澳大利亚经济增长带来了更加严峻的挑战和困难。澳大利亚联邦储备委员会(Australian Federal Reserve)的货币政策在刺激澳大利亚经济方面处于积极状态,在控制高通胀方面也发挥着至关重要的作用。

Reference

John Maynard Keynes, the first Baron of Keynes (June 5, 1883 - April 21, 1946), is a British economist. His thoughts have a core influence on modern macroeconomics in theory and practice.

RBA: the monetary policy statement was finalized on August 6, 2009 and issued on August 7, 2009.

Melbourne, November 9, 2000, the latest impact on the exchange rate, speaking at the annual conference dinner of the Economic Development Association.

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